ANTIOXIDANT EYE + GF
- KEY INGREDIENTS
- Reduces the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles
- Provides antioxidant protection
- Hydrates and smoothes the skin around the eye area
- Reduces undereye puffiness and dark circles
- Contains the gentle retinoid ester Hydroxypinacolone retinoate (HPR)
- Improves signs of aging and skin texture
HYDROXYPINACALONE RETINOATE / ESTER OF TRETINOIN (VITAMIN A)
This ester of Retinoic acid (Tretinoin) is more effective and less irritating than traditional esters. A co-factor of collagen synthesis and a powerful antioxidant, this ingredient helps reduce the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles.
Kinetin is a plant-based hormone that regulates growth and differentiation. In human skin, kinetin acts as a basic building block and helps maintain the function and strength of the skin barrier. When used topically, this potent antioxidant has been shown to increase skin moisture and reduce TEWL (trans-epidermal water loss), thereby improving signs of aging and skin texture.
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE-8 (ARGIRILINE)
A peptide that inhibits the formation and progression of expression-related ﬁne lines and wrinkles.
Gentle, non-irritant that may increase collagen production, reduce the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles, and even skin tone.
LYCIUM BARBARUM FRUIT EXTRACT (GOJI BERRY)
The extract of the fruit commonly known as goji, goji berry, or wolfberry. This fruit extract is an antioxidant and works as a skin-conditioning agent.
GREEN TEA EXTRACT (CAMELLIA OLEIFERA)
A potent antioxidant that inhibits DNA damage by counteracting oxidative stress. Possesses anti-inﬂammatory properties and helps to treat immunosuppression. When used for its caffeine-containing properties, green tea constricts blood vessels in the skin and reduces water leakage. This ingredient also alleviates puffiness and under-eye darkness.
Also known as mucopolysaccharides, this group of complex proteins is a fundamental component of skin tissue. Chondroitin sulfate and hyaluronic acid are part of this ingredient group, both of which function as skin-identical or skin-repairing ingredients.
SODIUM CHONDROITIN SULFATE
A derivative of a natural mucopolysaccharide, this ingredient is used as a skin-conditioning agent due to its ability to moisturize, heal, and soothe skin by means of anti-inﬂammatory properties. It is capable of reinforcing the skin’s intercellular matrix and, along with other mucopolysaccharides, is thought to be responsible for the elasticity, resilience and strength of the skin.
A fatty alcohol used as an emollient, emulsiﬁer, thickener, and carrying agent for other ingredients. A ﬁrm, wax-like substance derived from plant oils, Cetearyl alcohol has emulsifying properties to hydrate skin and hair, leaving it soft and supple.
Found as a natural component of chamomile, Bisabolol is an effective anti-irritant and anti-inﬂammatory ingredient, helpful in soothing red, irritated skin.
CETYL HYDROXPROLINE PALMITATE (CERAMIDE)
Ceramides are lipids that hold the surface cells of the skin’s protective barrier together, helping to retain moisture and restore and replenish the skin.
STEARIC ACID (FATTY ACID)
A fatty acid used as an emollient and emulsiﬁer and one of three ingredients that comprise the skin’s natural lipid barrier.
RAPESEED (BRASSICA CAMPESTRIS STEROLS) (CHOLESTEROL)
An emollient which makes skin smooth and soft. One of three ingredients that comprise the skin’s natural lipid barrier.
TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCORBATE / ESTER OF VITAMIN C (VITAMIN C)
An antioxidant and free radical scavenger. Lightens skin by inhibiting melanin synthesis. A necessary co-factor for healthy collagen synthesis; inhibits MMP enzymes. THD Ascorbate is an extremely stable and bio-available form of vitamin C which helps brighten skin and improve the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles.
TETRAPEPTIDE-7, DIPEPTIDE-2, & HESPERIDIN METHYLCHALCON
This peptide complex minimizes eye puffiness and ﬂuid retention under the eye. The Lipopeptide (palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7) decreases inﬂammation and improves ﬁrming and elasticity. Dipeptide-2 improves lymphatic circulation and hesperidin methylchalcone decreases blood capillary permeability.
A cell communicating peptide combination capable of regulating cell activities involved in ECM (Extracellular matrix) renewal of collagen I, ﬁbronectin, and hyaluronic acid. This ingredient is a dual peptide that reinforces ﬁrmness and tone while eliminating blood originating pigments through the elimination of bilirubin.
TOCOPHERYL ACETATE (VITAMIN E)
One of the most potent antioxidants, particularly good at defending against and disabling free radicals made by the body. This ingredient is essential to tissue repair, works synergistically with vitamin C, and helps ﬁght free radicals and environmental stressors that can lead to premature aging.
NIACINAMIDE (VITAMIN B3)
Promotes microcirculation, strengthens the skin's outer layers, improves elasticity, and curbs redness and irritation. Helpful for treating dry skin due to its ability to increase barrier lipid levels. Has anti-inﬂammatory properties (which helps reduce redness), anti-bacterial properties, and melanin inhibiting properties.
This peptide has been shown to stimulate the production of a protein called ﬁbronectin, which among other things helps attach the epidermis to the dermis. The more ﬁbronectin, the ﬁrmer, more youthful the skin becomes.
A rich emollient that helps heal the skin’s outer layer and reduces inﬂammation.
A naturally-derived ingredient with anti-inﬂammatory properties.
A naturally-occurring amino acid and sulfur-based antioxidant that can help stabilize oxygen-sensitive additives. Ergothioneine has demonstrated cytoprotective capacities in vitro.
HYALURONIC ACID (SODIUM HYALURONATE)
A hydrophilic molecule, Hyaluronic acid attracts and binds up to 1,000 times its molecular weight in water, reduces TEWL (trans-epidermal water loss), and helps to keep skin plump and ﬁrm. Sodium Hyaluronate is a glycosaminoglycan found in the extracellular space that resists compression by absorbing signiﬁcant amounts of water.
A substance known for its healing, soothing, and anti-irritating properties. This ingredient softens skin and stimulates the formation of healthy tissue. Helps eliminate chapping and cracking, leaving skin silky, smooth, and healthy-looking.