- KEY INGREDIENTS
- Exfoliates skin to reveal a brighter, more youthful complexion
- Stimulates collagen production
- Provides antioxidant beneﬁts
- Reduces the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles
- Hydrates and locks in moisture
- Reduces redness and modestly inhibits melanin production
NICOTINYL TRICHLOROACETAMIDE, 3%
Trichloracetic acid reacted with niacinamide to form a new compound that is more stable and less irritating, with the beneﬁts of both TCA and Niacinamide.
A fatty alcohol used as an emollient, emulsiﬁer, thickener, and carrying agent for other ingredients. A ﬁrm, wax-like substance derived from plant oils, Cetearyl alcohol has emulsifying properties to hydrate skin and hair, leaving it soft and supple.
TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCORBATE / ESTER OF VITAMIN C (VITAMIN C), 10%
An antioxidant and free radical scavenger. Lightens skin by inhibiting melanin synthesis. A necessary co-factor for healthy collagen synthesis, inhibits MMP enzymes. THD Ascorbate is an extremely stable and bio-available form of vitamin C which helps brighten skin and improve the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles.
KOJIC ACID (KOJIC DIPALMITATE / ESTER OF KOJIC ACID), 5%
Inhibits melanin production by inhibiting tyrosinase and provides gradual and continual skin lightening to improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation. Derived from mushrooms.
PANTHENOL (VITAMIN B5)
Enables the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids, increasing cellular integrity and efficiency. Acts as a moisturizer with humectant properties.
CETYL HYDROXPROLINE PALMITATE (CERAMIDE)
Ceramides are lipids that hold the surface cells of the skin’s protective barrier together, helping to retain moisture and restore and replenish the skin.
TOCOPHERYL ACETATE (VITAMIN E), 1%
One of the most potent antioxidants, particularly good at defending against and disabling free radicals made by the body. This ingredient is essential to tissue repair, works synergistically with vitamin C, and helps ﬁght free radicals and environmental stressors that can lead to premature aging.
A naturally derived ingredient with anti-inﬂammatory properties.
RUMEX OCCIDENTALIS EXTRACT
Reduces skin pigmentation by limiting both melanin production and skin reddening.
A naturally occurring amino acid and sulfur-based antioxidant that can help stabilize oxygen-sensitive additives. Ergothioneine has demonstrated cytoprotective capacities in vitro.
PALIMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE & PALIMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE-7 (MATRIXYL 3000)
Helps reduce the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles by enhancing collagen and hyaluronic acid production.
Decreases tyrosinase activity and melanin synthesis to reduce overall skin pigmentation. Reduces the MITF factor to decrease both the constitutive and facultative pigmentation pathway.
This peptide has been shown to stimulate the production of a protein called ﬁbronectin, which among other things helps attach the epidermis to the dermis. The more ﬁbronectin, the ﬁrmer, more youthful the skin becomes.
PHENYLETHYL RESORCINOL (SYMWHITE 377)
An antioxidant that is considered effective in inﬂuencing the formation of pigmentation, and therefore able to lighten the skin. It is a synthetic compound that is partially derived from natural lightening compounds found in scotch pine bark, and is considered a reliable whitening agent.
HYDROXYPINACALONE RETINOATE / ESTER OF TRETINOIN (VITAMIN A), 0.2%
This ester of Retinoic acid (Tretinoin) is more effective and less irritating than traditional esters. A co-factor of collagen synthesis and a powerful antioxidant, this ingredient helps reduce the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles.
FERULIC ACID (FERULOYL SOY GLYCERIDES), 0.5%
This potent antioxidant, found in plants, increases stability of vitamin C and E as well as adding photo-protection. This ingredient also provides additional protection against thymine dimmer formation.
A substance known for its healing, soothing, and anti-irritating properties. This ingredient softens skin and stimulates the formation of healthy tissue. Helps eliminate chapping and cracking, leaving skin silky, smooth, and healthy-looking.